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SPECIAL FEATURE
by Barbara Schmidt

MARK TWAIN'S
ILLUSTRATED AUTOBIOGRAPHY

by
Barbara Schmidt

Original
SUNDAY MAGAZINE
from the
Dave Thomson
collection
featuring a portrait of
Mark Twain by
F. Luis Mora

Mora cover

_____


Available from amazon.com


Available from amazon.com


Available from amazon.com

Authoritative Edition of
Autobiography of Mark Twain
in 3 volumes

This 3-volume authoritative edition, edited by the staff of the Mark Twain Papers at University of California at Berkeley, contain extensive annotations and explains how each of the previous versions of the Autobiography differed from Mark Twain's original intent. The complete autobiography in three volumes contains approximately 500,000 words of written and autobiographical dictation. The complete text of the books along with annotations and textual explanations is also available on at http://www.marktwainproject.org.

Prior to the publication by the University of California Press editions, various portions of the Autobiography appeared as follows:

NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW, about 100,000 words in 25 installments published from September 1906 - December 1907.

MARK TWAIN'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY, edited by Albert Bigelow Paine in two volumes, about 195,000 words, published by Harper's in 1924. This work included passages from the NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW as well as a few chapters that Paine had published in HARPER'S MAGAZINE in early 1922.

MARK TWAIN IN ERUPTION, edited by Bernard DeVoto, published by Harper and Brothers in 1940. This edition included 150,000 words from the original manuscripts and NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW articles that were not included in Paine's MARK TWAIN'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY.

THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF MARK TWAIN, edited by Charles Neider, published by Harper and Row in 1959. This edition included text from earlier editions plus 30,000 words that had not yet appeared previously.

MARK TWAIN'S OWN AUTOBIOGRAPHY: THE CHAPTERS FROM THE NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW. With Introduction and Notes by Michael J. Kiskis, published in 1990 by University of Wisconsin Press, reprinted the earlier NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW articles and provided a detailed comparison list of the earlier editions. A second edition of this work was released in 2010.

None of the earlier editions of Twain's autobiography were illustrated and none of the previous works make note of the wide distribution the AUTOBIOGRAPHY received as it was published nationwide via Sunday newspaper supplements during Mark Twain's lifetime. The following list is an attempt to document the illustrations that were used in conjunction with Mark Twain's autobiography.

 

_____

MARK TWAIN'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY with illustations appeared in SUNDAY MAGAZINE supplements beginning in October 27, 1907 and running until September 27, 1908 in the following newspapers:

Pittsburg Post
Philadelphia Press
Washington Star
Boston Post
Baltimore Herald
Chicago Record-Herald
St. Louis Republic
Rocky Mountain News and Denver Times
Minneapolis Journal
New York Tribune

These installments followed the unillustrated serialized edition of AUTOBIOGRAPHY that appeared in NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW although the segments were not identical. John Thomson Willing was the art editor of the Associated Sunday Magazines and it is likely that he made the arrangements with the various illustrators for the artwork. Willing later informed F. Luis Mora that Mark Twain was very enthusiastic about the color portrait that was featured on the cover of SUNDAY MAGAZINE that introduced the series on October 27, 1907. (A biography of artist F. LUIS MORA by Lynne Pauls Baron is available from amazon.com.)

(Note: pages from the SUNDAY MAGAZINE supplements from the New York Tribune are now searchable online from the Library of Congress "Chronicling America" website and those links are included below.)


Oct. 27, 1907 - online from the Library of Congress

Cover by F. Luis Mora -- online at the top of this page and also at:
http://www.twainquotes.com/Morality.html

p. 3 - Mark Twain with his characters by F. Luis Mora -- also online at:
http://www.twainquotes.com/Library.html

p. 4 - "Ascending the Pyramid" from Innocents Abroad
"Colonel Sellers Feeding His Family on Expectations" from Gilded Age
"Street Cars of Damascus" from Innocents Abroad


Nov. 3, 1907 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 3 - Twain with Robert Louis Stevenson -- also online at:
http://www.twainquotes.com/Fame.html

p. 4 - photo of the birthplace at Florida, MO.;
photo of the boyhood home in Hannibal, copyright 1899, Harper's


Nov. 10, 1907 - online from the Library of Congress

Illustration of Susy, Livy and Clara based on photo from 1878 (unsigned)
Nov. 17, 1907 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 5 - Mark Twain with two of his daughters - illustration by F. Luis Mora -- also online at:
http://www.twainquotes.com/Father.html

p. 6 - "The Inspiring Library Mantel" - looks like photo or illustration from photo;
Josh Billings, Mark Twain, Petroleum Nasby - illustration from the known photo;
Mark Twain's home at Hartford - looks like photo or illustration from photo


Nov. 24, 1907 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 5 - photo from 1906 by Underwood & Underwood. Twain in bed with caption "The Same Old Black Venetian Bedspread"

p. 6 - 3 ea. illustrations by True Williams from The Adventures of Tom Sawyer


Dec. 1, 1907 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 3 - Illustration of Twain and Susy with Grant by Frederick Gruger -- online at
http://www.twainquotes.com/Grant_Ulysses.html
Dec. 8, 1907 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 5 - Illustration of Twain with President Grover Cleveland. Too dark to tell if there is a signature by illustrator. Online at:
http://www.twainquotes.com/ClevelandGrover.html
Dec. 15, 1907 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 5 - Illustration titled "When He Saw That Bird with Its Head Shot off, He Faded." Illustration by Frederick Gruger.
Dec. 22, 1907 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 7 - Illustration titled "I Perceived That Simmons Was 'Willing' Me with All His Might" (The Hannibal mesmerizer). Illustration by Gruger -- online at:
http://www.twainquotes.com/Mesmerist.html
Dec. 29, 1907 - AUTOBIOGRAPHY did not appear this week
Jan. 5, 1908 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 5 - Illustration of Orion titled "Why, Good Land! Aren't You Going to Stop to Breakfast?" Too dark to see the name of illustrator
Jan. 12, 1908 - AUTOBIOGRAPHY did not appear this week
Jan. 19, 1908 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 5 - Illustration by Gruger "He Said He Would Make a Pilot Out of Me for a Hundred Dollars."
Gruger illustration

Jan. 26, 1908 - AUTOBIOGRAPHY did not appear this week
Feb. 2, 1908 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 7 - Illustration from photo of Twain taken 1867;
Illustration of Orion titled "He Was Hit with One of His Spasms of Virtue."

p. 8 - Illustration of Orion titled "Made a Rousing Republican Speech While His Democratic Transparencies Passed in Front of Him" by John Sloan
Feb. 9, 1908 - AUTOBIOGRAPHY did not appear this week
Feb. 16, 1908 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 5 - photo of Twain copyrighted 1906 by Venderweyde;
Illustration by Emlen McConnell titled "I Didn't Have to Tell Her to Take Her Hand Out."

p. 6 - Illustration by Emlen McConnell titled "Here Is a Boy Seven Years Old Who Can't Chaw Tobacco!"


Feb. 23, 1908 - AUTOBIOGRAPHY did not appear this week
March 1, 1908 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 7 - illustration from Sarony photo of 1884

Illustration by Emlen McConnell titled "There! I Have Found It Out!" He said. Illustration depicts Twain with German portier with Twain leaning down and looking over a translation of one of his own books.


March 8, 1908 - AUTOBIOGRAPHY did not appear this week
March 15, 1908 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 5 - Photo by Vanderweyde titled "In 1882" -- Full length photo of Twain in white suit.

p. 6 - Photo by Underwood & Underwood dated 1907 titled "I Always Had a Fondness for Kittens." Photo of Twain sitting on large rock holding kitten.


March 22, 1908 - AUTOBIOGRAPHY did not appear this week
March 29, 1908 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 5 - Photo captioned "In 1873"

Illustration by Emlen McConnell titled "I Had Never Seen a Member of the Family Kiss Another - Except Once." Illustration features Pamela bending over John Marshall Clemens on his death bed. Online at:
http://www.twainquotes.com/ClemensJM.html

p. 6 - Unsigned illustration (probably by Emlen McConnell) titled "Almost Precisely as in My Dream of Several Weeks Before." Illustration features Sam kneeling beside a wounded Henry as a tall man looks on. Online at:
http://www.twainquotes.com/Steamboats/HenryClemens.html


April 5, 1908 - AUTOBIOGRAPHY did not appear this week
April 12, 1908 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 5 - Photo titled "In 1906" - photo of Twain smoking in bed

Illustration by Emlen McConnell titled "He Wept, and We All Wept with Him." Illustration of young American con artist, Sam Clemens, Charles Warren Stoddard and George Dolby.


April 19, 1908 - AUTOBIOGRAPHY did not appear this week
April 26, 1908 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 5 - Photo of Twain in car titled "In 1906." May be from the same photo session as the Oldsmobile postcard

Illustration by Emlen McConnell titled "Papa Blew His Soap Bubbles and Filled Them with Tobacco Smoke." Features Susy, Clara, and Sam blowing bubbles. Online at:
http://www.twainquotes.com/Clemens_Susy.html


May 3, 1908 - AUTOBIOGRAPHY did not appear this week
May 10 - 1908 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 5 - photo of Karl Gerhardt bust (front view)

Illustration titled "Jean Was Kept Busy Signing Death Warrants" features girls dressed in roles for Prince and Pauper with little Jean sitting at a table writing.


May 17, 1908 - AUTOBIOGRAPHY did not appear this week
May 24, 1908 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 5 - Known photo captioned "In 1873"

Illustration of Clemens with daughter Jean looking at ducks titled "I Don't See Why God Gives Us so Much Ducks."


March 31, 1908 - AUTOBIOGRAPHY did not appear this week
June 7, 1908 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 5 - photo of Clemens on wharf titled "Addressing a Crown on the Wharf When Leaving England in 1907."

Ilustration by Emlen McConnell titled "The Trouble Began When I Found Myself in Front of My First Audience" features Clemens full length standing beside a podium


June 14, 1908 - AUTOBIOGRAPHY did not appear this week
June 21, 1908 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 7 - photo of Clemens in chair by Underwood & Underwood, 1907

Photo of Clemens bowling titled "I Never Started a Ball That Didn't Score a Ten-Strike"


June 28, 1908 - AUTOBIOGRAPHY did not appear this week
July 5, 1908 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 7 - Illustration of Twain titled "In 1884" based on known photograph by Bundy

Illustration titled: The Man Burst in. "Now I Don't Want Any More Out of You!" -- to illustrate passage about a practical joke Dean Sage played on Joseph Twichell. Illustration features two men on a porch arguing -- one standing, one seated.


July 12, 1908 - AUTOBIOGRAPHY did not appear this week
July 19, 1908 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 7 - photo by Sarony titled "In 1890."

Illustration titled "Then His Melancholy Eyes Fell Upon Captain Osborn, and a Light of Glad Recognition Flashed From Them" - depicts four men standing around a table. Used to illustrate anecdote of Burton Sanders and two waiters playing a con game on Captain Osborn.


July 26, 1908 - AUTOBIOGRAPHY did not appear this week
Aug. 2, 1908 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 7 - photo titled "In 1873" - known photo

Illustration by Emlen McConnell titled "I Was Drowned Nine Times Before I Learned to Swim." features black slave woman pulling young Sam from the water. Online at:
http://www.twainquotes.com/Drowning.html


Aug. 9, 1908 - AUTOBIOGRAPHY did not appear this week
Aug. 16, 1908 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 7 - photograph copyrighted 1906 by Underwood and Underwood titled "In His D.C.L. Gown." Photograph copyrighted 1906 by Underwood and Underwood titled "On the Way to Get His Degree"
[Note: Since Clemens didn't get his Oxford degree until 1907, the 1906 copyright date is evidently an error.]

p. 8 - 3 photos -- one each of Charles Dudley Warner, Joel Chandler Harris, and Frank R. Stockton


Aug. 23, 1908 - AUTOBIOGRAPHY did not appear this week
Aug. 30, 1908 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 7 - photo copyrighted 1907 by Underwood and Underwood of Twain at billiard table titled "Practising in His Home"
Sept. 6, 1908 - AUTOBIOGRAPHY did not appear this week
Sept. 13, 1908 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 7 - illustration from photo titled "In 1870."

Illustration by Emlen McConnell titled: He Said, "Do You Mean to Tell Me That You Were Selling Another Man's Dog?" -- illustrates the story of Sam selling General Miles a dog. Online at:
http://www.twainquotes.com/Deceit.html


Sept. 20, 1908 - AUTOBIOGRAPHY did not appear this week
Sept. 27, 1908 - online from the Library of Congress

p. 7 - illustration titled "A Sketch Made In London in 1900" - features Clemens in tuxedo with finger pointing down on table

One illustration from a photo titled "William Winter in 1877."

One illustration from a photo titled "W. D. Howells in 1877."





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